CCCS is currently working on social development planning initiatives for PT Weda Bay Nickel (Indonesia), as an ADB lender’s consultant for the B.P. Tangguh LNG Project (Indonesia), and with Gazprom and Shell to provide external monitoring services for the Sakhalin II LNG Project (Russia).
This page summarizes our work on these and other past projects. Each project is grouped by primary category of social development intervention.
Indigenous Peoples Development Plans:
Sakhalin Energy (Russia)
CCCS advises the Sakhalin Energy Investment Company (SEIC, currently owned by Gazprom, Shell, Mitsui, and Diamond Gas Sakhalin) on Indigenous People's Issues. We were initially engaged to write the First Sakhalin Indigenous Minorities Development Plan (SIMDP), and have since been serving as SIMDP External Monitor.
IFC in their new handbook on stakeholder engagement, points to the SIMDP as a model of international "good practice" for its innovative approach to working with companies, governments and indigenous communities. The World Bank and EBRD have also praised the SIMDP in their publications. For links to some examples of the praise and international acclaim for the Sakhalin-II SIMDP, please refer to our testimonials section.
Tangguh LNG Project Social Investment Program (Indonesia)
For the Tangguh LNG Project, CCCS has been working with not only BP Berau, the project sponsor, but also the project lenders—the Asian Development Bank and the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation —to integrate Indigenous Peoples issues and the needs of other marginalized people in the Papua region of Indonesia into the project's Integrated Social Plan (ISP). It was CCCS that first emphasized to BP the need to bring their scattered social programs into an integrated whole and to devise strategies to avoid social conflict between indigenous and other communities.
India Railway Sector Investment (India)
In 2008, CCCS was contracted to assist in project processing by providing specialized inputs related to integrated social and involuntary resettlement measures for India Ministry of Railways. In this capacity, we reviewed relevant policy documents of the Asian Development Bank and the Government of India (land acquisition laws, compensation and entitlement guidelines) at both the central and state levels. Working with a local Indian team of specialists, CCCS then formulated appropriate planning instruments in close consultation with, and ensuring the full disclosure of information to, project-affected rural and tribal populations. A critical element of CCCS work with the India Railway Sector Investment Project was to devise a Resettlement Framework which would guide resettlement planning for the current and future tranches of the sector loan. Similar work was done for the Indigenous Peoples Development Framework. CCCS suggested resettlement improvement mechanisms for several Railway Sector Investment sub-project areas—with special emphasis upon matters of project planning and implementation monitoring instruments. We were also the principal consultants tasked with finalizing the resettlement and Indigenous Peoples planning documents in consultation with the executing agency and project-affected peoples, and providing training in implementing the Resettlement Plans to local project implementation offices.
Public-Private Infrastructure Development Facility [PPIDF] (Bangladesh)
CCCS assisted the Bangladesh PPIDF by developing a new Environmental and Social Safeguards Framework (ESSF), which outlined operating procedures for addressing environmental and social issues associated with project planning, development and operation. In this process, we evaluated the resettlement and Indigenous Peoples safeguard policy guidelines of the Government of Bangladesh and the Infrastructure Development Finance Company Limited (IDCOL) and formulated a composite Social Safeguard Framework (SSF) for IDCOL and its PPIDF. CCCS then authored Resettlement Frameworks (RF) and Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks (IPDF) in the context of an Integrated Social Safeguards Framework (ISSF).
India Infrastructure Project Financing Facility [IIPFF] (India)
CCCS supported capacity-building initiatives for India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL) by ensuring that its internal project-financing guidelines conformed to the ADB’s environmental and social safeguards requirements. In this capacity, CCCS developed a common donor framework in coordination with a World Bank consulting team and other donor agencies (including JBIC and KfW), and was then tasked with ensuring that the environment and social safeguards cell has adequate capacity to meet project planning, monitoring, and evaluation requirements. CCCS then authored Resettlement Frameworks (RF) and Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks (IPDF) in the context of an integrated Environmental and Social Safeguards Framework (ESSF).
Social Impact Assessment:
Integrated Pastoral Development Project (China)
Along with Dr. Guldin, CCCS’ Chinese associates figured prominently in this World Bank-funded Ministry of Agriculture project in Western China. Village-level SIAs, along with training for project staff, proved to be a hallmark of this successful project in agricultural innovation.
Program 135 (Vietnam)
CCCS provided critical assessment of ethnic minority issues for a consortium of international lenders (World Bank, DfID, AusAID, SIDA, et al.) regarding an initiative to support the government's program to upgrade poverty reduction efforts in minority and mountain districts. Focus was placed on sensitive issues such as encouraging people practicing shifting agriculture to settle in fixed villages.
India Infrastructure Project Financing Facility (India)
On behalf of a consortium of international lenders (Asian Development Bank, World Bank, Japan Bank for International Cooperation, Germany’s KfW Bankengruppe) CCCS crafted a Social Safeguards Framework for this major Ministry of Finance entity. Involuntary resettlement and tribal development were the key safeguards included in the plan devised for domestic lenders to follow.
Thematic Review of Social Assessment (East and Southeast Asia)
To determine how effective the World Bank’s own social assessments have been in Asia, the Bank turned to CCCS to evaluate social assessments for projects in China, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam. The report generated pointed to the need to craft culturally appropriate and operationally useful assessments.
Social Issues Analysis and Policy Recommendation:
Any private company that has to do an Indigenous Peoples Development Plan for a multilateral institution can do no better than to contact CCCS—we’ve served on the review teams for the policies currently serving as the global standards for international development.
CCCS has worked with the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Bank on updates of their Indigenous Peoples policies, authoring guides for policy implementation and reviewing the efficacy of past policy implementation.
Examples of CCCS policy work include:
EBRD Study on Vulnerable Groups Safeguard Policies
In February 2007, the European Bank of Reconstruction Development (EBRD) contracted CCCS to conduct a survey of current policies safeguarding vulnerable groups at the major multilateral development banks (MDBs), as well as among companies in the private sector. Our findings were presented in a internal report for EBRD, which lays the groundwork for continuing policy studies on this newly emerging category for social protection.
Indigenous Peoples Policy Review and Updating
First for the World Bank, and then for the Asian Development Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, CCCS has been actively involved in policy impact analysis, policy rewriting, and in drafting policy guidebooks to assist MDB staff in implementing their Indigenous Peoples policies.
Indigenous Peoples Policy Guidebooks
CCCS was called upon by the World Bank in 2000 to co-edit with Bank staff to prepare a handbook for Bank staff providing advice on how to implement the Indigenous Peoples policy. Soon thereafter, both the Asian Development Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank requested CCCS work with them on their own versions of such a staff guidebook. Both ADB’s and the World Bank’s handbooks are scheduled for completion in 2010.
Urban Poverty Technical Assistance
The Asian Development Bank turned to CCCS in the summer of 2005 when it needed to design a technical assistance grant to advise the Chinese Government on a process to develop policy recommendations to enable poor urban migrants to access basic social services.
Cultural Brokering and Mediation:
Union Bay Apparel Company (USA)
CCCS facilitated dispute resolution between the Chinese Owners/Senior Management and American Middle Management personnel of Union Bay Apparel Company by addressing major points of cultural contention, such as differing ways of showing respect, deference, as well as by communicating different needs and interests to each group in culturally appropriate terms and concepts.
The 100% RESPECT! Campaign (USA)
An exciting new addition to CCCS cultural brokering experience is our work in the field of education. Upon the invitation of Matthew Guldin, Dean of Students at East Side Community High School, CCCS has been working to promote the 100% RESPECT! Campaign.
Currently being piloted in schools in New York, this program aims to ensure that students, teachers, and administrators all treat one another with full and equal respect at all times.
The 100% RESPECT! Campaign fits within the larger rubric of social-emotional learning, fostering the growth of caring, community-oriented citizens.
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